Process

Big boulder stones from mines are available in generally 2 colours blue and red. It is purchased as pure blue, pure red or mix. Price of stone from mine mainly depends on extraction cost and some other factors. Price from mine is generally pre-decided and changes very less frequently.

Cost
Cost to end customer/consumer depends on how many levels are present in supply chain. It starts as
Mine -> Crusher -> Wholesaler -> Customer 
or
Mine -> Crusher -> Customer 

Actual cost would be calculated as follows:
Mine Price (e.g. 230 Rs./Ton) + Transport Charges (e.g. 40 Rs./Ton) Crusher Price (e.g. 60 Rs./Ton) Transport Charges (e.g. 150 Rs./Ton to 400+ Rs./Ton) Wholesaler (e.g. 60 Rs./Ton to 100+ Rs./Ton)
Net Charges (e.g. 230+40+60+150+60)

A main factor which due to which price change happen is demand and supply. Good demand from customer means crusher plants need more input stone which would create a pressure on mine to crusher transport charges as capacity of mines remain almost same and crusher plants would like to pay more to these transporters to get more stock. As a result crusher plants will increase the prices.

When demand is less from customers to crusher plants, less requirement of stone is required from mines. This decreases transport prices from mine to crusher plant.

Load
Capacity of a vehicle is decided based on govt. norms. Sometimes vehicles carry more than specified capacity known as overload and sometimes within the specified limits also known as underload. When vehicles move with over loading than prices of transport decreases. When vehicles move with in specified limits overall cost of transport increases as there would be more number of trips for given quantity. In underload there are various benefits to vehicles like less wearing and tearing of vehicle, more trips mean overall more profit.

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